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2 min read


Published Date: 12 May 2023

What is VP8?

VP8 is a video compression format to provide high-quality video compression with efficient bandwidth usage, making it an ideal option for streaming video applications. It is an open and royalty-free codec, meaning anyone can use it without paying licensing fees.

It achieves its video compression goal by using various compression techniques to reduce video file size while maintaining the original content's quality.

How does VP8 work?

VP8 uses various compression techniques to reduce video file size while maintaining the original content's quality.

These techniques include intra-frame prediction, inter-frame prediction, and entropy coding. Intra-frame prediction involves compressing individual frames within a video, while inter-frame prediction involves compressing the differences between frames. Entropy coding is used to compress the data further, reducing the overall size of the video.

Benefits of VP8

There are several benefits to using VP8, including:

  • High-quality compression: VP8 provides high-quality video compression, allowing for the delivery of high-resolution video with minimal bandwidth usage.
  • Open and royalty-free: As an open and royalty-free codec, VP8 can be used by anyone without having to pay licensing fees, making it an attractive option for streaming video applications.
  • Cross-platform compatibility: VP8 is compatible with a wide range of devices and platforms, making it easy to deliver video content to a broad audience.
  • Low latency: VP8 is designed to provide low-latency video streaming, making it ideal for real-time applications such as video conferencing and live streaming.
  • Adaptive bitrate streaming: VP8 is compatible with adaptive bitrate streaming, allowing video quality to be adjusted based on the available bandwidth, ensuring a smooth viewing experience for users.

Where to use VP8?

VP8 is used in a variety of applications, including:

  • WebRTC: VP8 is the default video codec used by WebRTC, a real-time communication technology that allows web browsers to communicate with each other using video, audio, and data.
  • YouTube: YouTube uses VP8 to deliver high-quality video content to its users and has also adopted the newer VP9 codec for some of its video content.
  • Google Hangouts: Google Hangouts uses VP8 for its video conferencing feature, providing low-latency video streaming for real-time communication.
  • Skype: Skype also uses VP8 for video compression in its video chat feature, providing high-quality video with efficient bandwidth usage.

Overall, VP8 is a powerful video compression format that offers high-quality video with efficient bandwidth usage, making it ideal for streaming video applications. Its open and royalty-free nature, cross-platform compatibility, and support for low-latency video streaming make it an attractive option for various video applications.

Related Terms

Video Quality

In simple terms, video quality is the characteristic of a video that determines how clear, crisp, and detailed the video transmitted to the viewer is.

Video Watermark

A video watermark is a digital copyright tool used to identify the video's copyright owner or prevent illegal distribution.

Video Editing

The process of manipulating and rearranging video footage after shooting to create the final product is called video editing.

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